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East & Southeast Asia: An Annotated Directory of Internet Resources
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The 2nd Sino-Japanese War, the Pacific War,
& the A-Bomb Attacks
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The 2nd Sino-Japanese War The Attack on Pearl Harbor The Pacific War
Japanese War Crimes (General) The Nanjing Massacre The Comfort Women & Wartime Forced Labor Issues
The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki   The Textbook Controversy & the Question of War Responsibility
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The 2nd Sino-Japanese War
Alliance for Preserving the Truth of Sino-Japanese War Northern California based grassroots organization: Press releases, literature archive, miscellaneous information & news reports
New'As Japanese, We Wish to Live as Respectable Human Beings' Hideko Nishioka's examination of the fate of "the zanryu koji, who were orphaned (or separated from their relatives) soon after Japan's capitulation in 1945, and were raised by Chinese adoptive parents only to be 'discovered' by their Japanese families more than a quarter of a century later" (ZNet, Nov. 4, 2005)
Four Months of War, Shanghai 1937 Exhibition of 102 photographs of Karl Kengelbacher
Content-Rich A Joint Study of the Sino-Japanese War "multi-year project seeks to expand research into Sino-Japanese conflict between 1931 and 1945 by promoting cooperation among scholars and institutions in China, Japan, the United States, & other nations"
Colonies and Countryside in Wartime Japan: Emigration to Manchuria Analysis by Mori Takemaro, Hitotsubashi University (Japan Focus, July 2004)
Commemorate the September 18th Incident People's Daily stories on the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of Japan's 1931 invasion of Manchuria
Stubborn Legacies of War: Japanese Devils in Sarajevo Linda Hoaglund's review of "a documentary of personal confessions of war crimes by Japanese imperial soldiers" shown at the 2002 Saravejo Film Festival
Zero Fighters in Chongqing and Pearl Harbor: Yasukuni's War Criminals as Martyrs? Wakamiya Yoshibumi's reflections on the different views & uses of history by China, Japan & the U.S. in context of Japan's bombing of Chongqing & current Sino-Japanese relations (Japan Focus, Dec. 2004)
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The Attack on Pearl Harbor
After the Day of Infamy: 'Man-on-the-Street' Interviews Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor From Library of Congress's American Memory, interviews of "over two hundred individuals in cities & towns across the United States"
Days of Infamy Reactions of ordinary Americans recorded by the Library of Congress after "Japan's assault on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001": audio files, slide shows & commentary
Expedition Pearl Harbor Log & photo gallery of National Geographic expedition of Nov. 2000; background; attack map; resources & links
Full Pearl Harbor Casualty List Alphabetical list with name, rank & military assignment
Pearl Harbor: America's Darkest Day Multimedia excerpts from the book by Susan Wels
The Pearl Harbor Attack Hearings Primary documents of the Congressional hearings on the Pearl Harbor attack
Remembering Pearl Harbor From National Geographic: Multimedia map & timeline; searchable archive of survivors' stories; Pearl Harbor ships & planes; Pearl Harbor & World War II timelines; resources & links
U S S Arizona Memorial National Memorial (National Park Service) Established "to commemorate all military personnel killed in the Pearl Harbor attack": illustrated history with lists of casualties & photo gallery
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The Pacific War
The Battle of Midway An NSA pamphlet on "How Cryptology enabled the United States to turn the tide in the Pacific War"
The Battle of Midway: Why the Japanese Lost Dallas Woodbury Isom's analysis in The Naval War College Review (Summer 2000)
Behind Japanese Lines in Burma Edited 1943 report by Colonel Eifler, Detachment 101's first chief, to Carl Hoffman, head of OSS activities in the China-Burma-India theater (Studies in Intelligence, Fall-Winter 2001)
The Cornerstone of Peace (Heiwa no ishi-ji) Monument planned by Okinawa Prefectural Government to commemorate those who died in the Battle of Okinawa
Cryptology: Navajo Code Talkers in World War II Dept. of Navy fact sheet on the contributions of the Navajo as code talkers to the Pacific War, with link to dictionary & bibliography
Doctrine Matters: Why the Japanese Lost at Midway Jonathan B. Parshall, David D. Dickson, and Anthony P. Tully's analysis in The Naval War College Review (Summer 2001); PDF version
NewEmpire Of the Sun Jan Morris' reflections on "Japan's conquest of Singapore shattered the myth of British invincibility" (Time Asia, Aug. 15, 2005)
NewFamily Ties: The Tojo Legacy David McNeill on Yuko Tojo, granddaughter of Hideki Tojo & historical revisionist who "insists the man who ordered the Pearl Harbor attack led a "war of freedom" in Asia," with excerpts from his interview with her (Asia Times, Nov. 12, 2005)
The Final Months of the War with Japan Signals Intelligence, U.S. Invasion Planning, & the A-Bomb Decision
Firebombs Over Tokyo Jonathan Rauch on the 1945 firebombing of Tokyo (The Atlantic, July/August 2002)
Imperial Japanese Navy Page Information on & images of Japanese warships; the Imperial Navy's Airforce; stories, features, bibliography & links
The Information War in the Pacific, 1945 Josette H. Williams on the role played by the US Office of War Information (OWI) in Japan's surrender (Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2002)
NewJapanese Propaganda Booklet from World War II Scanned images of "Japanese propaganda booklet from World War II detailing the Imperial Army's plan for dominating the nations of the region": translation with commentary by Kyle Goetz
Kamikaze Images Bill Godon's exploration of "portrayals and perceptions of the young men who carried out suicide attacks near the end of World War II": American & Japanese views; Stories of Bereaved Families; extensive bibliography & filmography; museums & Web sites, etc.
Legacy Project Library: World War II in Asia Related visual art & films
The Looting of Asia Chalmers Johnson's review of Gold Warriors: America's Secret Recovery of Yamashita's Gold, by Sterling Seagrave and Peggy Seagrave (London Review of Books, Nov. 20, 2003)
New'My Grandfather Died to Protect Japan' Interview with Yuko Tojo, granddaughter of Japan's WWII leader Hideki Tojo (OhmyNews International, Aug. 22, 2005)
The Perilous Fight: America's World War II in Color Companion site to PBS series capturing "America's wartime experience through original [rare] color film footage and compelling passages from diaries and letters"
Return to Midway 1998 National Geographic Midway Expedition led by Bob Ballard to locate aircraft carriers sunk at the Battle of Midway
Rikugun Noborito Kenkyujo no shinjitsu [The Truth About the Army Noborito Research Institute] Stephen C. Mercado's review of Ban Shigeo's 2001 book on Japan's wartime research on military technology (Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2002)
Surrender of Japan (1945) Downloadable images of one of the milestone documents featured by OurDocuments.gov initiative; background; transcript
U.S. Army Center of Military History: World War II - Pacific Theater A listing of the Center's online publications on the Pacific & China-Burma-India theaters of operations
Content-Rich World War II: Asia-Pacific Theater Atlas Maps produced by the United States Military Academy's Department of History
Content-Rich World War II Resources "Original documents regarding all aspects of the war", including a monograph series on Japan's role in WWII, written by Japanese participants, & the Pearl Harbor Attack Hearings
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Japanese War Crimes (General)
The Chinese Alliance for Commemoration of the Sino-Japanese War Victims Hong Kong-based organization collecting information & research on Japanese war crimes against the Chinese, organizing commemorative events, & supporting legal actions by war victims
Chinese Holocaust Museum of the United States Permanent museum to be built in Washington, DC
Chinese War Victims' Lawsuits (in Japanese) Information on lawsuits on behalf of Chinese war victims, including victims of the Nanjing massacre & biological experiments by Unit 731, comfort women, forced laborers, etc.
Fukuoka POW Camp #1 "An Insight into Life & Death at a POW Camp in War-time Japan"
Implementation of the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act, An Interim Report to Congress (IWG), 2002 Report to Congress from The Nazi War Crimes & Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group (IWG) on "the Government's efforts related to the identification & declassification of records related to Nazi [& Japanese] war crimes"
Japan, Invasion History Undeniable! People's Daily stories on Japan's war crimes & the lawsuits of victims
Interview with Director Matsui Minoru and Producer Oguri Ken'ichi of Japanese Devils: Confessions of Imperial Army Soldiers from Japan's War Against China AsiaSource interview with the makers of "a documentary featuring 14 veterans of the Imperial Army testifying to their brutal participation in Japan's 15-year war against China" (March 28, 2002)
Japan's War Crimes Part of Viking Phoenix Web Page: Information, news, photos 
SuoPei (in Japanese) The Society to Support the Demands of Chinese War Victims in Japan: statement of purpose; summary of Japanese atrocities; testimony by Chinese victims; points of contention in the Chinese war victim lawsuits
Twelve Hundred Days "A biography of [Russell A. Grokett, Sr's] survival of the Bataan Death March and three years as a Japanese Prisoner of War"
Unit 731: A Half Century Of Denial An account of atrocities committed by Unit 731
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The Nanjing Massacre
Japanese Army's Atrocities -- Nanjing Massacre "an archive for the historical documents and still photography related to the the Nanjing Massacre, and other atrocities committed by Japanese army in China during WW II"
Japanese Imperialism and the Massacre in Nanjing 1962 book by scholars at Nanjing University's Department of History, labelled as classified document, & translated by Robert Gray
Japanese War Crimes Records, eyewitness accounts, & the Japanese version of the Nanjing Massacre; other Japanese crimes against humanity; fifty years later
Content-Rich The Nanking Atrocities Masato Kajimoto's detailed analysis, with eyewitness accounts, photos, film clips, & selected bibliography
Nanjing Massacre "archive for the historical documents & still photography related to the the Nanjing Massacre, & other atrocities committed by Japanese army in China during WW II"
Nanking 1937: Commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the Nanking Massacre "An exhibition of photographs & missionary documents"
New Research on the Nanjing Incident David Askew's examination of the debate on the Nanjing massacre in research in Chinese, Japanese & English languages (Japan Focus, 2004)
Photos of the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Museum in Nanjing Taken by Andrew Field, University of New South Wales
Robert Entenmann on The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II Robert Entenmann's review of Iris Chang's book on the Nanjing Massacre (H-Asia, Oct. 1998)
NewScarred by History: The Rape of Nanjing BBC News background story with interview of Iris Chang, related news stories on the troubled relations between China & Japan (Apr. 2005)
NewContent-Rich WWW Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre 南京大屠杀遇难同胞纪念馆 (in Chinese & English) Extensive collection of related audiovisual materials, documents, commentary, news stories, & Web sites; bulletin board
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The Comfort Women & Wartime Forced Labor Issues
NewThe "Comfort Women" Controversy: History and Testimony Yoshiko Nozak's analysis of "the Japanese controversy over the "comfort women" (ianfu) system during Japans Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945) and attempts to include that history in school textbooks" (Japan Focus, July 2005)
The Comfort Women Project Background "sexual laborers for the Japanese troops before and during the Second World War"; publications, papers & lectures by Chunghee Sarah Soh of San Francisco State University; links to Web documents
"I'm Here Alive": History, Testimony, and the Japanese Controversy over "Comfort Women" Yoshiko Nozaki's essay in World History Connected (Vol. 1 No. 1, Nov. 2003)
Postwar Responsibility (in Japanese) Information on Chinese & Korean forced labor during the Pacific War
Record of Chinese Slave-laborers (in Japanese) Special report on forced Chinese labor during the Pacific war by sengo-sekinin.com (May 2004)
Resolving the Wartime Forced Labor Compensation Question Interview with Minami Norio, "lawyer on a legal team representing Chinese seeking compensation for wartime damages" (translation of article in Shukan Kinyobi, May 21, 2004)
Women's International War Crimes Tribunal 2000 for the Trial of Japanese Military Sexual Slavery (in Japanese & English) Program, schedule, Quicktime movies & summary of judgment of the tribunal (Dec. 2000)
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The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki
The 55th Anniversary of the Bombing of Japan An AsiaTODAY special report (Aug. 3, 2000): history; articles & commentary; personal accounts; general links
NewThe Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II: A Collection of Primary Sources National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 162, edited by William Burr, containing 77 declassified U.S. government documents with introduction
A-Bomb WWW Museum Information on the impact of the 1st A-Bomb on Hiroshima, & a forum for discussion
NewBritish Historian Frederick Taylor on Hiroshima: The Countdown to Annihilation and the Legacy of the A-Bomb Reflections by the author of "Dresden: Tuesday, Feb. 13, 1945" (Spiegel Online, Aug. 3, 2005)
Casualty Projections for the Invasion of Japan, 1945-1946: Planning & Policy Implications Essay by D. M. Giangreco in the Journal of Military History, 61 (July 1997)
Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Study collection & teaching materials from the Truman Presidential Museum & Library
The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb: H-NET Debate Debate over Gar Alperovitz's book
Content-Rich Devotion of Hiroshima to the Cause of Peace (in English & Japanese) Hiroshima's "to build a 21st century of peace and humanity free from nuclear weapons": activities, statements & protests; mayor's peace declarations at annual peace memorial ceremonies; Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Virtual Museum; reality of the A-bomb disasters, etc.
Dropping the Bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki Nuclear Files Project's compilation of documents & related items
Enola Gay - Former Exhibition Information Closed Smithsonian exhibition on the B-29 bomber that destroyed Hiroshima: images & highlights, including QTVR movies of the nose & cockpit
The Enola Gay Archive Chronology of the controversy over the Smithsonian's Enola Gay exhibition; collection of Air Force Association reports, analyses, & articles
The Enola Gay Controversy References to over 900 documents related to the controversy over the proposed Smithsonian exhibit, compiled by a course at Lehigh Univ. by Edward J. Gallagher
NewEyewitnesses to Hiroshima Time issue on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki (Aug. 1, 2005)
The Folks Who Are Sanitizing and Celebrating the History of the Bomb Commentary by Greg Mitchell, author (with Robert Jay Lifton) of Hiroshima in America: A Half Century of Denial
Hiroshima: Was It Necessary? Doug Long's article with bibliography, excerpts from diaries & private papers, & links to related sites
Hiroshima: What People Think Now A roundup of essays & commentary on the A-bomb controversy by History News Network
NewHiroshima -- the Top News Story That Wasn't Humberto Márquez on Venezuelan journalist Silvia González's new book charging censorship & manipulation of the news media by the U.S. & Japanese governments after the bombing of Hiroshima (Asia Pacific Media Network, Aug. 7, 2005)
Hiroshima Archive Directory of "Internet resources as well as a selected bibliography of printed books, articles, and other research materials regarding the bombing of Hiroshima [& gallery of] poignant imagery from the postwar work "Hiroshima" by Hiromi Tsuchida"
Hiroshima Message: Reconciliation Instead of Retaliation On the need to abolish nuclear weapons -- By Tadatoshi Akiba, Mayor of Hiroshima and President of Mayors for Peace (Japan Focus, 2004)
NewHow Hiroshima Rose From the Ashes Bill Powell on the rebuilding of Hiroshima in the spirit of peace(Time, July 26, 2005)
The Last Act- Smithsonian Controversy on Hiroshima Exhibit "side-by-side comparisons of the first draft & final draft of the exhibit script, & historical documents relevant to the "Decision to Drop the Bomb."
Mainichi Daily News Special: A Nagasaki Report Series of stories by American George Weller, the first foreign reporter to enter Nagasaki after the atomic attack: written in Sept. 1945, denied publication by the Occupation censors, & rediscovered by his son Anthony in 2004
The Mongol Devastations Jörg Friedrich 's commentary on the destruction of Dresden & Hiroshima marking the beginning the Cold War (signandsight.com, Apr. 5, 2005)
NewNagasaki 1945: While Independents Were Scorned, Embed Won Pulitzer Mark Selden on "Newly unearthed documents show[ing] how the story of the A-bomb was suppressed and revealed" (YaleGlobal, July 7, 2005)
Content-Rich Nuclear Education Project Japan Focus' compilation of "resources that contribute to the understanding of the atomic bomb, the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and nuclear issues generally, both historical and contemporary"
Remembering Nagasaki Photographs & public forum
NewSurviving the Atomic Attack on Hiroshima, 1945 From the diary of survivor Michihiko Hachiya
NewWhy Truman Dropped the Bomb Essay by World War II historian Richard B. Frank (The Weekly Standard, August 8, 2005)
NewWikipedia: Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Account of the bombings & the debate over the decision to drop the bombs, with cultural notes, references, & list of further readings
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The Textbook Controversy & the Question of War Responsibility
50 Years of Denial: Japan & Its Wartime Responsibilities An international conference at San Francisco (Sept. 6-9, 2001)
ABC of Modern Japanese History Web site of the Association for the Advancement of Liberalist View of History, presenting refutations of charges of Japanese war crimes such as the Nanjing Massacre & comfort women forced into service, & countercharges of atrocities committed by the Allied Powers
Center for Research & Documentation on Japan's War Responsibility (JWRC) (in English & Japanese) Center "dedicated to fulfilling Japan's responsibility to Asians victimized by Japan during WWII": activities; contents of Sens Sekinin Kenky (The Report on Japan's War Responsibility); the textbook controversy; exhibit on Japan's aggression
History Textbooks Issue: WWII Project by students of Jon Brokering's 1996 Advanced English course at Chuo University, Tokyo
Japan Addresses Its War Responsibility John W. Dower's essay from ii: The Journal of the International Institute (Fall 1995)
Japanese History Textbook Raises Concerns An Asia Society special report (July 10, 2001): news coverage; Japan & history; commentary; Internet links
Legacy of WWII: Asia's Row over History A CNN.com in-depth special: textbooks; Yasukuni Shrine; comfort women; other issues
NHK's Censorship of Japanese Crimes against Humanity Lisa Yoneyama's essay in Harvard Asia Quarterly (Winter 2002)
NewRewriting an Ugly Past Editorial on Japan's continued alienation from her neighbors on the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II in Asia, by Gavan McCormack, Australian National University and International Christian University (The Age, Aug. 15, 2005)
NewTranslations of History Textbooks Used in Japan's Middle Schools Commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs & provided by Japan Echo to represent to foreigners accurately the views of history in the textbooks approved by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology
Yasukuni Jinja Official home page of the War Memorial Museum: Q & A; exhibition rooms; photo gallery
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Updated: November 25, 2005