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East & Southeast Asia: An Annotated Directory of Internet Resources
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Hong Kong: Political & Social Issues
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Tung Chee-hwa's Resignation & Chief Executive By-Election, 2005 Political Transition from Colony to Special Administrative Region The Democracy Movement & the 'People Power' Rallies of 2003 & 2004
Political Furor over the Proposed
Anti-Subversion Law, 2003
SARS Crisis 2003 Beijing's Hong Kong Policy
Human Rights & Press Freedom Self-Identification of Hong Kong Chinese Social & Political Conditions
Public Health Housing Women's Issues
  Relations With the U.S.  
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Tung Chee-hwa's Resignation & Chief Executive By-Election, 2005
Beijing Misstep over New Hong Kong Head Janus Lam's commentary on the reluctance of the pro-Beijing camp in Hong Kong to accept the candidacy of Donald Tsang, chosen by China to replace Tung Chee-hwa (Asia Times, Apr. 2, 2005)
Beijing to Kick Hong Kong Leader Upstairs Janus Lam on the impending resignation of Tung Chee-hwa (Asia Times, Mar. 3, 2005)
Changing of the Guard: Tung Chee-hwa Resignation The Standard's special coverage of Tung Chee-Wah's resignation as Chief Executive in March of 2005 & the rise of Donald Tsang
Donald Tsang: Singapore's Man in Hong Kong Gary LaMoshi on acting Chief Executive Donald Tsang as a proponent of "the father-knows-best style capitalism practiced in Singapore" (Asia Times, Apr. 30, 2005)
Good-bye to a Nice Man Tom Plate's portrayal of Tung Chee-hwa as a warm & caring politician (AsiaMedia, Mar. 1, 2005)
HKU POP SITE Releases Survey on Chief Executive Election for the First Time:
Chinese; English
Surveys regarding public opinion of the top candidates for the CE election of 2005 conducted by the Public Opinion Programme (POP) at the University of Hong Kong (June 2005)
Hong Kong: The Last Tycoon? George Wehrfritz & Alexandra A. Seno on the political implications of the presumed ouster of Tung Chee-hua as Chief Executive of Hong Kong (Newsweek International, Mar. 14, 2005)
Hong Kong Chief Faces Crisis of Legitimacy David Kootnikoff's commentary on Donald Tsang's election as Chief Executive & Hong Kong's electoral system (OhmyNews International, June 20, 2005)
Just a Typical Hong Kong Boy Todd Crowell's commentary on new Chief Executive Donald Tsang , who enjoys the confidence of both Beijing & the people of Hong Kong, in contrast to Tung Chee-hwa & Anson Chan (Asia Times, June 18, 2005)
Let Us Now Praise Tung Chee-hwa Todd Crowell's commentary on the political legacy of Tung Chee-hwa (Asia Times, Mar. 12, 2005)
Profile: Donald Tsang BBC News' profile of the next Chief Executive of Hong Kong (updated June 15, 2005)
The Battle to Run Hong Kong Qiu Xin on potential candidates for the post of Hong Kong chief executive after Tung Chee-hwa (Asia Times, Mar. 2, 2005)
The Glorious Role of Tung Chee-hwa Henry C K Liu's commentary on Tung Chee-hwa's resignation, arguing that Tung was not part of the problem but made positive contributions to Hong Kong's transition (Asia Times, Mar. 23, 2005)
The Tung-Tsang Saga (in Chinese) An account of the resignation of Tung Chee-hwa & the appointment of Donald Tsang as acting CEO in 2005, & the political ramifications for Hong Kong, based on Ming Pao reporters' interviews of key people involved
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Political Transition from Colony to Special Administrative Region
Ceremony Marks 5th Anniversary of HK's Return to Motherland Roundup by the People's Daily (July 2, 2002)
Coping with Challenges Facing Hong Kong 应对香港面临的挑战 (in Chinese) Huang Qinghua 黄庆华 on factors impacting on the development of the political system of Hong Kong & possible measures (2004)
Content-Rich Constitutional Development 政制發展 (in Chinese & English) Information related to government's promotion of constitutional development "on the basis of maintaining "One Country, Two Systems" and adhering to the Basic Law": policy documents; Legislative Council papers; press briefings & releases; publicity materials; Basic Law & other documents; Constitutional Affairs Bureau; proposed amendments; reports of the Constitutional Development Task Force; report by the Chief Executive; seminars
Hong Kong - One Country, Two Systems, Five Years From Time Asia: viewpoint; photo gallery; Time archive; links to stories in Asiaweek & Fortune
Hong Kong Transition Project: 1982-2007 Hong Kong Baptist University's "longitudinal, multimethod project analy[zing] the nature and direction of political development over the transition period of 1984-1997" & since 1997: publications; survey reports; media briefings
Hong Kong Under Chinese Rule: The First Year A Hoover Institution Essay in Public Policy by David Newman & Alvin Rabushka
Hong Kong Update 2000 A Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) bulletin "presenting a broad spectrum of views on developments in" HK SAR (Fall 2000)
Hong Kong's 'Long-Haired' Provocateur David Kootnikoff's interview with Leung Kwok-hung, the democratic revolutionary & legislator (OhmyNews International, May 2005)
Ideas, Political Leadership, & the Lessons of Hong Kong: Conversation with Chris Patten Interview with the last governor-general of Hong Kong (Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley, Conversations with History series, 1999)
Interview with Anson Chan Conversation with the Chief Secretary of the Hong Kong government (Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley, Conversations with History series, 1997)
One Country, Two Systems, 5 Years On A CNN In-depth Special (July 2, 2002): feature stories; newsbank; multimedia; latest reports; history of Hong Kong
South China Morning Post Special Report: Hong Kong's Future "Challenge of defining our tomorrow": overview; legal system; politics; jobs; environment; education; business (Jan. 5, 1999)
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The Democracy Movement & the 'People Power' Rallies of 2003 & 2004
The Battle for Hong Kong Time Asia cover story on the struggle between "Beijing and the pro-democracy camp ... to win the hearts and minds of the territory's people," with additional stories, gallery & graphics (July 5, 2004)
Controversy over the Number of Participants in the Demonstration of July 1, 2004 (in Chinese) A Ming Pao special on the protest march calling for greater democracy & autonomy for Hong Kong
Don't Hand Over Hong Kong's Democracy Editorial by Mark L. Clifford, Hong Kong bureau chief for BusinessWeek (July 3, 2003)
Exaggerated Rally Figures Aim to Fool the Hong Kong People Editorial in China Daily's HK Edition (July 8, 2004)
Hong Kong: The Long March Time Asia's coverage of the July 1 protest & related stories (July 14, 2003)
Hong Kong Alliance In Support Of Patriotic Democratic Movements Of China 香港市民支援愛國民主運動聯合會 (in Chinese & English) Alliance organized "with the purpose of supporting patriotic democratic movements in China ... the largest grassroots pro-democracy advocacy group in Hong Kong ... comprised of over 200 base level, labour, councillor office, religious, student, women and political commentary group members"
Hong Kong Democracy Fire Stoked Again Janus Lam on controversies over whether the method for the election of the chief executive & legislature should be decided by a referendum (Asia Times, Nov. 17, 2004)
NewHong Kong Democracy Movement Gets New Life Kent Ewing on the Dec. 4, 2005 demonstrations in Hong Kong demanding universal suffrage (Asia Times, Dec. 6, 2005)
Hong Kong Holds Out Time Asia stories on Hong Kongers' fight for democracy, with galleries & graphics (June 7, 2004)
Hong Kong Voice of Democracy A bilingual publication which "chronicles the activities of the grass-roots democracy movement of Hong Kong & the political climate in which it operates "
Hong Kong's (Un)happy Anniversary Gary LaMoshi on the 8th anniversary of the handover & the election of Donald Tsang as chief executive (Asia Times, June 29, 2005)
Is the Chinese World Discovering Democracy? openDemocracy's interview with Christine Loh on the July 1 demonstration of 2004 (July 5, 2004)
Nitty-gritty of Demonstration Freedom in Hong Kong People's Daily editorial in reaction to demonstrations on July 1, 2003, & charging Hong Kong's "clique of democrats" with opposing China, causing disorders in Hong Kong, & misleading the people (July 9, 2003)
Throwing Hong Kong Democrats a Bone Todd Crowell on the Hong Kong "government's proposals to reform the Legislative Council (Legco) by adding 10 new seats and doubling to 1,600 the electoral college that chooses the chief executive" (Asia Times, Oct. 22, 2005)
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Hearing: Democracy in Hong Kong Transcripts of some statements of some witnesses including Lee Cheuk-yan, member of Hong Kong's LegCo, & law professor James Feinerman (March 4, 2004); also testimony of State Department's Randall G. Schriver
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Political Furor over the Proposed Anti-Subversion Law, 2003
Article 23 基本法第廿三條 (in Chinese & English) "edicated to countering official misinformation and misrepresentation on [Article 23 legislation, &] to the ideal that Hong Kong should be one of Asia's freest and most open societies": news updates; timeline; scrutiny of bill; background; FAQ; research; activities
Article 23 of the Basic Law Public opinion surveys conducted by the Public Opinion Programme (POP) of the University of Hong Kong & materials from the Research Project on the Compendium of Submissions on Article 23 of the Basic Law
Article 23 Stimulates Hong Kong's People Power Harvey Stockwin's commentary in China Brief (July 15, 2003)
Article 23: Links List of constituents of the Civil Human Rights Front, legal professional groups, related Hong Kong government & other sites
Church-State Relations in Post-1997 Hong Kong Chan Sze-Chi's comparison of "the role of Catholic and Evangelical Christian churches in the popular struggle against the implementation of Article 23 of the Basic Law in the summer of 2003" (Asia Pacific: Perspectives, Dec. 2004; PDF format)
Civil Human Rights Front 民間人權陣線 (in Chinese) Alliance of over 40 non-government organizations formed in "opposition to the government's decision to enact laws under Article 23 of Basic Law which prohibits subversion, secession, treason and sedition against the Central Government"
Hong Kong: Article 23 Legislation -- the potential for abuse Amnesty International press release (Dec.9, 2002)
The Law Society's Comments on the Proposed Committee Stage Amendments to the Article 23 Blue Bill English version (PDF) by the Constitutional Committee of the Law Society of Hong Kong (June 12, 2003); see also Summary Response to the Article 23 Blue Bill (May 2, 2003 ) & Comments On the Consultation Document on Proposed Legislation under Article 23 of The Basic Law
Proposals to implement Article 23 of the Basic Law (in Chinese & English) From the government of Hong Kong SAR: news & information; press conference; press releases; speeches; letters to the editor; text of bill & related documents
Proposed Enactment of Article 23 of Hong Kong's Basic Law 香港基本法23条立法 (in Chinese) News & commentary from Beijing Spring 北京之春
Q&A: HK's anti-subversion law From BBC News (July 1, 2003)
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Beijing's Hong Kong Policy
At Least Some of Us Do ... Chaim Estulin on the declining fortunes of democracy activists as China learns to better manage the politics & economics of Hong Kong (TIME Asia Magazine, May 30, 2005)
Beijing Confronts Growing Pro-Democracy Sentiment in Hong Kong Commentary by Willy Lam (China Brief, Jan. 6, 2004)
Beijing Kills Hong Kong's 'Buzz' Asia Times Online commentary on Beijing's methods to absorb Hong Kong politically (July 2, 2004)
Beijing's Balancing Act in Hong Kong Bruce Klingner's editorial in Asia Times (July 23, 2004)
Beijing's Hand in Hong Kong Politics Commentary by Willy Lam (China Brief, June 10, 2004)
China and Hong Kong The Economist Global Agenda (Apr. 7, 2004), with related stories & sites
China Vetoes Hong Kong's Democratic Hopes Commentary by Harvey Stockwin (China Brief, Feb. 20, 2004)
Hong Kong and Political Change in China: Let the Small Teach the Big Report on a talk on Hong Kong-China relations by Christine Loh, head of the think tank Civic Exchange (UCLA Asia Institute, Oct. 14, 2004): full text of talk (PDF format)
Hong Kong Patriotism Jonathan Mirsky's commentary on China's policy on democratic reform in Hong Kong in the context of Taiwan's political reforms (China Brief, Mar. 19, 2004)
No More 'Soft Sell' for Hong Kong Willy Lam on Beijing's hard-line stance towards universal-suffrage elections in Hong Kong (China Brief, July 8, 2004)
Seven Years after HK Handover, the Final Frontier Asia Times editorial on political developments in Hong Kong & its relations with the Mainland Chinese government since 1997 (July 1, 2004)
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Human Rights & Press Freedom
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Hong Kong
2004; 2003; 2002; 2001; 2000; 1999; 1998
Reports by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of the U.S. Department of State
Hong Kong Whistleblowers' HomePage "for Promoting the Ethics of Encouraging Freedom of Speech Despite Institutional Constraint": cases of whistleblowers in Hong Kong & China; legislation protecting whistleblowers; codes of conduct containing whistleblowing provisions
Interview with Samshasha, Hong Kong's First Gay Rights Activist and Author Conducted and presented by Mark McLelland of Hong Kong University (Intersections, Oct. 2000)
Press Freedom in Hong Kong Since the 1997 Handover: English; Chinese Paper by Jin Zhong, Editor-in-Chief of Open Magazine (Oct. 2003) (PDF format)
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Self-Identification of Hong Kong Chinese
The Coming of a New Colonial Era: Construction of the Image of Hong Kong through a National Grand Narrative 新殖民時代的來臨:「民族大話」建構的香港圖象 Paper in Chinese by Li Shaohong 李紹宏 (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Feb. 2002)
The Formation of Hong Kong's Cultural Identity as Seen in the Movies Section of Chinese Student Weekly 從《中國學生周報》電影版看六十年代香港文化身份的形成 Paper in Chinese by Mayuko Masuda 增田真結子 (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Sept. 2002)
HongKonger or Chinese: Self-Identification of Hong Kong Chinese 1985-1995 「香港人」或「中国人」:香港华人的身份认同1985-1995 (in Chinese) Essay by Liu Zhaojia 刘兆佳, Chinese University of Hong Kong (Oct. 2002)
In Search of Heunggongyan:
The Construction of a Metropolitan Identity
Paper by Hui Yew-Foong (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Feb. 2002)
The Influence of Socialisation and Critical Thinking on
Hong Kong University Students' Attitudes towards China
Paper by Greg Fairbrother (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Feb. 2002)
Self-Identification of Hong Kong Chinese: Changes Before & After 1997 香港华人的身份认同:九七前后的转变 (in Chinese) Essay by Zheng Hongtai 郑宏泰 & Wong Siu-lun 黄绍伦, University of Hong Kong (Oct. 2002)
The Transition of Hong Kong People's Nationality after World War II Paper by Michiko Ai (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Sept. 2002)
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Social & Political Conditions
2001 Population Census Published by Census and Statistics Department: thematic reports; feature articles; TOC, summary & key statistics of main report; background information
Anticipation of the Future & Changes in the Psychology of Hong Kong Residents 香港居民对前景的预期与心理变化 (in Chinese) Analysis of social surveys on views of Hong Kong residents on social affairs & personal situations from 1988 to 2001, by Zheng Hongtai 郑宏泰 & Wong Siu-lun 黄绍伦, University of Hong Kong (2003)
Grassroots University 基層大學 (in Chinese) A forum to bridge the gap between academia & society, & to encourage students to take an interest in social issues & to participate in grassroots work: articles & postings searchable by topic
Hong Kong: The Airport Core Programme and the Absence of Corruption Report by a Mission of Transparency International (Dec. 1999)
Hong Kong's New Culture Chaim Estulin on the rising political consciousness of Hong Kong people & their suspicions about collusion between government & business (TIME Asia Magazine, Jan. 17, 2005)
Indian Household Workers in Hong Kong: Emerging Themes on Migration and Social Relationships James Joseph Keezhangatte's paper based on in-depth interviews (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, June 2004)
Local and Social Change in a Global City: The Case of Hong Kong W. Breitung and M. Günter on the the local and social consequences of Hong Kong's formation as a global city (GaWC Research Bulletin, Dec. 2004)
The Public Opinion Programme (POP), the University of Hong Kong 香港大學民意網站 (in Chinese & English) Established "to collect and study public opinion on topics which could be of interest to academics, journalists, policy-makers, and the general public": press releases; polls; research reports; column articles on public opinion; resources; archive
Social Watch Country Report: Hong Kong (China) Compiled by an international network checking on the fulfillment of internationally agreed commitments on poverty eradication & equality: present situation; progress & regression
A Study of Migration from Mainland China into Hong Kong 中国大陆迁入香港的人口研究 (in Chinese) Analysis of trends & causes of mainland migration to Hong Kong from 1946 to the 1980s, by Li Ruojian 李若建
Symbolic Boundaries and Domains of Social Relationship: A Preliminary Study of Normative Formation of the Hong Kong Middle Classes Paper by Flora Lau Pui-yan (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Sept. 2002)
The World of Lily Wong Larry Feign's cartoon series on life & politics on the South China coast
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Public Health
Health Manpower Survey Latest survey conducted by Department of Health: "information on the size and structure of all healthcare professionals working in Hong Kong"
Improving Hong Kong's Health Care System: Why and For Whom? Study commissioned by Hong Kong government from Harvard team, evaluating "the financing and organization of health care in Hong Kong ... [&] develop[ing] several strategic options for consideration by the Hong Kong government and public" (1999)
Lifelong Investment in Health 你我齊參與, 健康伴我行: Chinese; English Consultation Document on Health Care Reform by the Health Care Reform Unit, Health and Welfare Bureau, Government of Hong Kong
Practising Gender and Practising Medicine: 'Tradition' and 'Modernity' in Post-colonial Hong Kong Siumi Maria Tam's paper on women doctors in Hong Kong in Intersections (Issue 3, Jan. 2000)
The Rise of a Sanitary City: the Colonial Formation of Hong Kong's Early Public Housing Paper by Ip Iam-chong (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Sept. 2002)
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Development of Public Housing in Hong Kong A chronology of key events from the 1950s to the present, compiled by Hong Kong Housing Authority & Housing Department
Hong Kong Housing Authority & Housing Department 香港房屋委員會及房屋署 (in Chinese & English) Information on public rental housing, subsidized homeownership schemes, & commercial properties; information for business partners (contractors, suppliers & service providers); interactive map for finding the location and information of the public housing estates and shopping centers
Hong Kong Housing Home Page Jointly sponsored by the City University of Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Housing Authority: database of government policy, consultative documents, information and statistics on housing, & research on housing
Hong Kong Housing Society 香港房屋協會 (in Chinese & English) Non-profit organization endeavoring "to provide affordable housing and related services for the people of Hong Kong"
Hong Kong Institute of Housing 香港房屋經理學會 (in Chinese & English) "professional body in Hong Kong for those who are engaged in the co-ordination and execution of housing services incorporating the design, provision, improvement, rehabilitation, management and administration of all types of housing"
Housing in Figures Annual statistics provided by Hong Kong Housing Authority & Housing Department from 1997 on
Review of the Institutional Framework for Public Housing 公營房屋架構檢討報告書: Chinese; English Report commissioned by Chief Executive Tung Chee Wah in the wake of public concerns over public housing quality (June 2002; PDF format)
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Women's Issues
The Association for the Advancement of Feminism 新婦女協進會 (in Chinese & English) An advocacy group for women's rights & welfare
Hong Kong Federation of Women's Centres 香港婦女中心協會 (in Chinese & English) An organization for the promotion of women's welfare: activities; resources for raising gender consciousness; publications; analyses of current conditions of Hong Kong women; services; essays; news; related links
Hong Kong Women Development Association 香港婦女發展聯會 (in Chinese) Charitable organization for the promotion of gender equality & provision of services to women: work; policy & research
The Management of Women's Bodies: Regulating Mui Tsai and
Prostitutes in Hong Kong under Colonial Rule 1841-1935
Paper by Angelina Chin (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, Feb. 2002)
Political Maneuverings in Early Twentieth Century Hong Kong: The Mui Tsai Issue Pauline Poon on the historical phenomenon of girls purchased for domestic servitude (E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, June 2004)
Sisters of silk: Hong Kong's Chinese Amahs - Journey to Forever "A social research and oral history project for Hong Kong schools to help capture a special part of local history," sisterhoods of Chinese domestic servants who took anti-marriage vows
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Relations With the U.S.
U.S.-Hong Kong Policy Act Report: 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002; 2001 Reports by the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs of the Department of State on U.S. interests in Hong Kong & U.S. relations with Hong Kong: summary; background; U. S. interests in Hong Kong; developments affecting U.S. interests in Hong Kong; U.S.-Hong Kong relations
Content-Rich U.S. and Hong Kong (Key Government Documents) Documents on a wide range of issues compiled by U.S. Consulate General, Hong Kong and Macau: political issues; human rights; economic issues; narcotics control; trafficking in persons report; general information
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Updated: January 2, 2006